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The American Equity Underwriters, Inc. The American Equity Underwriters, Inc.
Longshore Insider
Safety Focus: Preventing Strain Injuries From Pushing and Pulling
Jun 1, 2021 - The American Equity Underwriters, Inc.
A recent study of all ALMA claims from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2019 showed that strain injuries accounted for 23.5% of the total incurred cost of claims, with strains from lifting making up 7.1% of the total incurred of all claims.

Strain injuries can be devastating to the injured worker and often result in a lengthy recovery. Employers are likely to lose a highly trained and skilled worker for an extended period, which may require a replacement to be hired and/or trained. This is an example of the “hidden cost” of a claim that is not covered by workers' compensation insurance.


Strain Injuries from Pushing or Pulling are Controllable

Strain injuries are uniquely difficult to prevent because, in most cases, there is a variety of factors that contribute to how an individual’s body responds to a given stimulus. However, if companies are able to instill good habits in their employees to mitigate those contributing factors, strain injuries can be prevented and the impact of strains that do occur can be decreased. 

Some of the factors that may contribute to an individual experiencing a strain injury include work history, sports or athletic history, general fitness, and fatigue. These factors are also cumulative, which is why many strains from pushing or pulling happen while the worker is lifting something they consider routine. Because of this, strategies to reduce strain injuries must also be long-term and cumulative. 


Understanding Exposures for Repetitive Strain Injuries

The industries covered by the U.S. Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act face many exposures to strain injuries. Strain injuries from pulling or pushing can be caused by many of the tasks routinely performed in shipyards and marine terminals.

In ship construction, pulling cables often requires workers to pull while in awkward positions which increases the risk of injury. Moving over-loaded tool carts, barrels, or other objects can also result in strains. In marine terminal operations, the routine task of mooring a vessel is a perfect example of a pushing or pulling strain exposure.

While preventing strain injuries from pushing or pulling may seem like a daunting task, there are proven steps that you can take to prevent injury and improve workplace efficiency. This process begins by assessing the specific exposures to workers in their particular work environment. 

Photos illustrating some repetitive motion strain exposures can be found on the  Safety Focus: Strains From Pushing or Pulling page on the ALMA member resource website.

Exclusive for ALMA Members: Strains From Pushing or Pulling Resource Site

As part of our monthly Safety Focus initiative, the ALMA member resource website has a page providing safety resources related to strains from pushing or puling. Resources include:

  • OSHA materials and guidelines
  • Illustrated examples of exposures to strains from pushing or pulling
  • A facility poster to encourage workers to prevent strains
  • A comprehensive strain injury prevention guidance document
  • Toolbox talks
  • Safety bulletins 
ALMA members may access that page by clicking here (login required). If you have not yet registered for access, click here to do so.

The opinions and comments expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not reflect the opinion of ALMA, AEU or Amwins. None of ALMA, AEU, Amwins or the authors are responsible for any inaccuracy of content or for any loss or damages incurred by any party as a result of reliance on information contained in this article. Content may not be published or reproduced without the written consent of the authors. Prior articles may not be updated for accuracy as pertinent information changes over time. The Longshore Insider is intended to provide general information about the industry and should not be construed as legal advice under any circumstances. For legal advice, please consult a licensed attorney.
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